Abigail meaning, girlAbigail

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Meaning and name origin

Abigail \a-bi-gail\ as a girl's name is pronounced AB-ih-gayl. It is of Hebrew origin, and the meaning of Abigail is "father of exaltation". Biblical: the name of King David's third wife, described as "good in discretion and beautiful in form". She referred to herself as David's "handmaid", and her name became widely used as a term for a lady's maid. The name first came into use in Britain in the 16th century, under Puritan influence. Abbie, Abbey, and Abby are pet forms; Abegail is the Spanish form. Abigail Adams, wife of President John Adams; advice columnist Abigail Van Buren.


Abigail has 41 variant forms: Abagael, Abagail, Abagale, Abageal, Abagil, Abaigael, Abba, Abbe, Abbee, Abbegail, Abbegale, Abbey, Abbi, Abbie, Abbigael, Abbigail, Abbigale, Abbigayle, Abby, Abbye, Abbygael, Abbygail, Abbygale, Abegail, Abegale, Abgail, Abigael, Abigal, Abigale, Abigall, Abigayl, Abigayle, Abigel, Abigil, Gael, Gail, Gaila, Gal, Gale, Gayel and Gayle.

For more information, see also the related girl name Avichayil.

There is 1 masculine form of Abigail: Gale.


Abigail is a very popular first name for females (#520 out of 4276, Top 12%) but an uncommon surname or last name for all people (2000 U.S. Census).

Displayed below is the baby name popularity of the name Abigail for girls. Abigail reached its highest rank of #4 in the U.S. in 2005. (2014 statistics).

Top 1000 baby names ranking of Abigail name in U.S.

Top 100 baby names ranking of Abigail outside U.S.

Displayed below is a comparison of the popularity of the girl name Abigail and its variant forms. Popular variation forms ranked in the Top 1000/100 are Abigail (#8), Abby (#389), Abbigail (#857), Gail, Gale, Abigayle, Gayle, Abbey, Abbie, Abagail, Abbi and Abigale. (2014 statistics).

Top 1000 baby names ranking of Abagail, Abbey, Abbie, Abbigail, Abby, Abigail, Abigale, Abigayle, Gail, Gale, Gayle in U.S.

Top 100 baby names ranking of Abbey, Abbi, Abbie, Abbigail, Abby, Abigail outside U.S.

Similar Names

Suggested similar baby names are Avigail and Avigayil. These names tend to be less commonly used than Abigail.