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What does Abigail mean?

Abigail Pronunciation of Abigail [abi-gail] as a girls' name is pronounced AB-ih-gayl. It is of Hebrew origin, and the meaning of Abigail is "father of exaltation". Biblical: the name of King David's third wife, described as "good in discretion and beautiful in form". She referred to herself as David's "handmaid", and her name became widely used as a term for a lady's maid. The name first came into use in Britain in the 16th century, under Puritan influence. Abigail Adams, wife of President John Adams; advice columnist Abigail Van Buren.

Associated with: biblical, king (queen), good, beautiful, lady (noble), britain (england), 16th century, puritan.


Abigail has 43 variants: Abagael, Abagail, Abagale, Abageal, Abagil, Abaigael, Abba, Abbe, Abbee, Abbegail, Abbegale, Abbey, Abbi, Abbie, Abbigael, Abbigai, Abbigail, Abbigale, Abbigayle, Abby, Abbye, Abbygael, Abbygail, Abbygale, Abegail, Abegale, Abgail, Abi, Abigael, Abigal, Abigale, Abigall, Abigayl, Abigayle, Abigel, Abigil, Gael, Gail, Gaila, Gal, Gale, Gayel and Gayle.

Related girl name: Avichayil.

1 masculine form: Gale.

Creative forms:
(female) Abial, Argail, ..

(male) Abiael, Abidair, ..

Middle name pairings:
Abigail Iman (A.I.), ..

How popular is Abigail?

Abigail is a very prominent first name for women (#520 out of 4276, Top 12%) but an uncommon surname for all people. (2000 U.S. Demographics)

Abigail reached its top position of #4 in the U.S. in the year 2005, and is presently at #7. (2015 U.S. SSA Records)

Top 2000 baby names ranking of Abigail name in U.S.

Top 100 baby names ranking of Abigail outside U.S.

Which version is better?

with its variant forms and related girl names. Prominent variation forms of Abigail (#7 from current records) appearing in the Top 2000 are Abby (#437 from current records), Abbigail (#1031), Abbie (#1180), Abbey (#1411), Abbygail (#1508), Abigale (#1812), Abigayle (#1884), Abagail (#1935), Gayle, Gail, Gale, Abbe, Abbigayle, Abbi, Abi and Abbigale. Usage of these relations of Abigail was widespread among parents a decade ago (adoption of 1.4%) and is somewhat lower today (adoption 0.9%, 37.3%), with forms like Abby going out of style. Abigail is the most fashionable girl name in this compilation.

Top 2000 baby names ranking of Abigail, Abagail, Abbe, Abbey, Abbi in U.S.

Top 2000 baby names ranking of Abbie, Abbigail, Abbigale, Abbigayle, Abby in U.S.

Top 2000 baby names ranking of Abbygail, Abigale, Abigayle, Gail, Gale, Gayle in U.S.

Top 100 baby names ranking of Abigail, Abbey, Abbi, Abbie, Abby, Abi outside U.S.

Similar Names

Recommended names are Abia, Abiah, Abichall (see Avichayil), Abida, Abijah, Abila, Abina, Abital, Abril, Aimil, Aipril, Angil, Anngil, Avigail, Avigayil (see Avichayil) and Avital. These names tend to be less frequently used than Abigail.

See names
in meaning and etymology.