Meaning and name origin
Esau \e-sau\ as a boy's name is pronounced EE-sah. It is of Hebrew origin, and the meaning of Esau is "hairy". From esaw. Biblical: Esau, the eldest son of Isaac, was tricked out of his inheritance by his brother Jacob. He was born covered in red hair and was a skilled and adventurous hunter. See also Edom.
Esau is not a popular first name for males but a somewhat popular surname or last name for all people (#47520 out of 88799, Top 54%) (Source: 2000 U.S. Population Census).
Displayed below is a comparison of the popularity of the boy name Esau and related names. Popular variation forms ranked in the Top 1000/100 are Jacob (#4) and Isaac (#31). (Source: 2014 Birth Name Statistics).