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What does Jacob mean?

Jacob Pronunciation of Jacob [ja-cob] as a boys' name is pronounced JAY-kub. It is of Hebrew origin, and the meaning of Jacob is "he who supplants". Also possibly from "la-aqov" (hence Yaakov) meaning "to track or follow". Biblical: the son of Isaac and Rebekah and twin brother of Esau. Jacob fathered 12 sons and a daughter, who became the ancestors of the nation of Israel, the name Jacob himself received after wrestling with an angel. Senator Jacob Javits; actor Jake Gyllenhall.

Associated with: supplants (victory), biblical, angel.


Jacob has 61 variants: Akiva, Cob, Cobb, Cobby, Cobi, Giacamo, Giacobbe, Giacobo, Giacomo, Giacopo, Hamish, Iacopo, Iacovo, Iago, Iakob, Iakobos, Iakov, Jaap, Jack, Jack, Jackie, Jacko, Jackob, Jackobus, Jacky, Jaco, Jacobi, Jacobo, Jacobo, Jacobus, Jacobus, Jacoby, Jacopo, Jacques, Jacquet, Jago, Jaime, Jake, Jakeb, Jakie, Jakob, Jakobe, Jakov, Jakub, James, Jamesie, Jamey, Jamie, Jamsey, Jay, Jayme, Jeb, Jim, Jimmie, Kapel, Kobus, Seamus, Shamus, Yakov, Yakup and Yaqub.

Related boy names: Esau, Jock, Kobi and Zachary.

5 more alternative forms via Yaakov: Yaacob, Yachov, Yacov, Yago and Yakob.

2 feminine forms: Jacobina and Jacqueline.

Creative forms:
(male) Jamcob, Jocob, ..

(female) Jaca, ..

Middle name pairings:
Jacob Nate (J.N.), ..

How popular is Jacob?

Jacob is a very prominent first name for males (#122 out of 1220, Top 10%) and also a very prominent last name for all people (#1541 out of 150436, Top 1%). (2000 U.S. Demographics)

Jacob reached its peak rank of #1 in the U.S. in 2012, and is presently at #4. (2015 U.S. SSA Records)

Top 2000 baby names ranking of Jacob name in U.S.

Top 100 baby names ranking of Jacob outside U.S.

Which version is better?

with its variant forms and related boy names. Akiva, Esau, Hamish, Jack (#40 a year ago), Jackie (#1725), Jacky, Jacobi (#1317), Jacobo, Jacoby (#655), Jacques (#1713), Jaime (#485), Jake (#205), Jakeb, Jakie, Jakob (#523), Jakobe (#1174), Jakub (#1690), James (#7), Jamey, Jamie (#821), Jay (#394), Jayme, Jeb, Jim, Jimmie, Jock, Kobi, Seamus (#948), Shamus, Yaakov (#1017), Yakov (#1543) and Zachary (#88) are the popular related forms of Jacob (#4 a year ago) listed in the Top 2000. Other forms, like Yago, are uncommon. Adoption of these forms of Jacob reached its most widespread 8 decades ago (median #1367) and is now significantly diminished (#1343, 60% less usage). James has historically been popular among parents, although Yaakov seems to be gaining popularity too, while versions such as Zachary are now less popular.

Top 2000 baby names ranking of Jacob, Akiva, Esau, Jack, Jackie in U.S.

Top 2000 baby names ranking of Jacky, Jacobi, Jacobo, Jacoby, Jacques in U.S.

Top 2000 baby names ranking of Jaime, Jake, Jakeb, Jakie, Jakob in U.S.

Top 2000 baby names ranking of Jakobe, Jakub, James, Jamey, Jamie in U.S.

Top 2000 baby names ranking of Jay, Jayme, Jeb, Jim, Jimmie in U.S.

Top 2000 baby names ranking of Jock, Kobi, Seamus, Shamus, Yaakov in U.S.

Top 2000 baby names ranking of Yakov, Zachary in U.S.

Top 100 baby names ranking of Jacob, Hamish, Jack, Jake, Jakob outside U.S.

Top 100 baby names ranking of Jakub, James, Jamie, Jay, Seamus, Zachary outside U.S.

Similar Names

Recommended names are Jacan, Jace, Jacen, Jacey, Jacot, Jacq, Jacson, Jacy, Jadon, Jalon, Jamon, Jano, Janos, Jareb, Jarod, Jaron, Jason, Javon, Jaxon and Job. These names tend to be less frequently used than Jacob.

See names
in meaning and etymology.