What does Salem mean?
Salem /sa-lem/ as a boys' name is pronounced SAY-lem. It is of Hebrew origin, and the meaning of Salem is "peace".
Related to Shalom and Solomon. Biblical: name of the ancient city that later was identified with Jerusalem. In America, the name has been used for many cities and towns including the capital of Oregon and the historic coastal town in Massachusetts, site of the Salem witch trials and setting of Nathaniel Hawthorne's tale, "The House of the Seven Gables".
Affiliated boy name: Salim.
How popular is Salem?
Salem is a rare first name for males but a very popular surname for all people (#5019 out of 150436, Top 3%). (2000 U.S. Census)
Below is a graphed comparison of the popularity of Salem and affiliated names. Prominent related forms of Salem (outside Top 1000) are Solomon (#380 2 years ago), Soloman and Sol. Other variants, like Salomone, are seldom used. Adoption of these relations of Salem was common during 1880-1889 (average #499) and is somewhat less today (#793, 58.7% less), with the version Sol becoming less fashionable. Solomon has been the most prominent. (Top 1000 Birth Names Records, 2014)